廖子妤:2020-2021学年高二英语同步课堂必刷题重点语法答案解析

  重点语法

  一、单项选择

  1. (2020. 甘肃省天水一中高二开学考)The professor as well as two of his assistants ______ present at the meeting last week.

  A. were B. had C. was D. would be

  【答案解析】 C

  【详解】考查主谓一致和动词时态。句意:教授和他的两个助理上周出席了会议。分析句子可知,present作为形容词,表示"出席的"的意思,在句中作表语,谓语处需用be动词表示,而句子主语与as well as 之前的名词the professor,是第三人称单数,be动词需用单数形式,根据句中last weak可知,谓语动词是已经发生,需用一般过去时was表示。故选C。

  2. (2020. 甘肃省天水一中高二开学考)The song writer and music composer _______ to show up at the press conference next week.

  A. are going B. is going C. will be D. are

  【答案解析】 B

  【详解】考查主谓一致和一般将来时。句意:这个歌曲作家兼音乐制作人将在下个星期的新闻发布会上露面。分析句子可知,主语the song writer and music composer表示"歌曲作家兼音乐制作人"的意思,是"a/the+名词单数+and+名词单数"的结构,表示一个人(双重身份),谓语动词需用单数形式表示,根据句中next week和空格后的to可知,谓语动词需用一般将来时is going to的结构。故选B。

  3. (2020. 江苏省南京师范大学附属中学高二)Mr. Smith gave her one of the pills that he ______ for stomachache or something like that.

  A. will have taken B. had been taken C. has taken D. had been taking

  【答案解析】 D

  【详解】

  考查动词时态。句意:Smith先生给了她一片他一直服用的治胃病之类的药。分析句子可知,这是一个定语从句,根据从句句意得知,这个药是Smith先生之前就在服用,而且这个药也会一直持续服用下去,所以动词时态应该是现在完成进行时。又因为定语从句前面的主句部分是用的一般过去时,也就是说在 Smith先生给她药之前,他就在服用这个治胃病的药,所以综上所述,动词应该用过去完成进行时,故选D项。

  4. (2020. 江苏省南京师范大学附属中学高二)When a piece of ice is taken into a warm room, it will become smaller and smaller, until in the end it completely.

  A. is disappeared B. will disappear

  C. is disappearing D. disappears

  【详解】考查动词时态及语态。句意:当一块冰被带入一个温暖的房间时,它会变得越来越小,最终消失。陈述了一个事实,应用一般现在时;disappear是不及物动词,没有被动语态。故选D。

  【点睛】一般现在时的用法:

  1)经常性或习惯性的动作,常与表示频度的时间状语连用。常用的时间状语有every...,sometimes,at...,on Sunday等。

  例如:I leave home for school at 7 every morning. 每天早上我七点离开家。

  2)客观真理,客观存在,科学事实。

  例如:The earth moves around the sun. 地球绕太阳转动。

  3)表示格言或警句。

  例如:Pride goes before a fall. 骄者必败。

  注意:此用法如果出现在宾语从句中,即使主句是过去时,从句谓语也要用一般现在时。

  例如:Columbus proved that the earth is round. 哥伦布证实了地球是圆的。

  4)现在时刻的状态、能力、性格、个性。

  例如:I don't want so much. 我不要那么多。

  5. (陕西省西安中学2019-2020学年高二下学期期末考试英语试题)Mother wanted to be a good provider, a role she ______ since her marriage to Father.

  A. shoulders B. shouldered

  C. is shouldering D. has been shouldering

  【详解】考查时态。句意:母亲想成为一个良好的持家者,自从她嫁给父亲后,她就一直承担着这个角色。本句的关键是后面的since her marriage to Father,该介词表示"自从…"要和现在完成时或者现在完成进行时连用。故D正确。

  6. (2020. 天津市部分区高二期末)The man_________ in prison now because he broke the law during the quarantine time.

  A. kept B. is being kept C. is keeping D. was kept

  【详解】考查时态和语态。句意:此人现在正被关押在监狱里,因为他在疫情隔离期间违反了法律。分析句子可知,此处是主句谓语动词,由now和语境判断为现在进行时,主语the man和keep之间是被动关系,故用现在进行时的被动语态,主语是第三人称单数,应用is being done,故选B项。

  7. (2020. 天津市部分区高二期末)The train for Beijing_________ at seven o'clock in the evening. We still have some time.

  A. leaves B. has left C. left D. would leave

  【答案解析】 A

  【详解】考查时态。句意:前往北京的火车在下午7点出发。我们还有一些时间。根据句意可知,火车还没出发,此处考查按照时刻表运行的交通工具,用一般现在时表将来,主语the train是第三人称单数,谓语动词应用三形式,故选A项。

  8. (2020. 内蒙古通辽市高二期中)Experiments of this kind ___in both the U.S and Europe well before the Second World War.

  A. had conducted B. have conducted

  C. have been conducted D. had been conducted

  【详解】考查动词时态语态的用法。句意:在二次世界大战之前这种实验在欧洲和美国进行得很好。the Second World War发生在过去,又因为before在…….之前,所以表示的是过去的过去,Experiments of this kind与conduct是被动关系,故用被动语态。故选D。

  9. (2020. 甘肃省天水一中高二开学考)You ________ be tired—you've only been working for an hour.

  A. must not B. won't C. can't D. may not

  【分析】

  【详解】考查情态动词。句意:你只工作了一个小时,所以你不可能累的。句中破折号后的内容对前一句进行解释说明。表示否定推测时用can't,意为"不可能的"。must not表示"不可以;不允许;不准";won't表示"不会";may not表示"可能不会"。故选C。

  10. (2020. 天津市部分区高二期末)Lily, though too young to go to school, _________ easily recite 2000 poems.

  A. must B. can C. need D. should

  【详解】考查情态动词。句意:Lili尽管太小不能去上学,她仍然能够轻易背出2000首诗。A. must 必须;B. can 能够;C. need 需要;D. should 应该。根据句意,前面说Lily太小了,后文说背诵诗,这里背诵诗表示的是一种能力,can表示能力,故选B。

  【点睛】考查情态动词用法,先根据字面意思进行区分,这里can的用法有3种,一种表示能力, 第二种表示请求允许,第三种表示推测,这里是会背诵诗,是一种能力。

  11. (2020. 天津市第一中学高二期末)You________have scolded him for his poor performance.After all,he had done his best.

  A. wouldn't B. couldn't C. mustn't D. shouldn't

  【详解】考查情态动词。句意:你不应该因为他表现不好而责备他。毕竟,他已经尽力了。A. wouldn't "不会";B. couldn't 不可能;C. mustn't 禁止,不允许;D. shouldn't不应该。固定搭配:shouldn't have done"本不应该做而做了"。此处指"本不应该责备他而责备了",故选D。

  12. (2020. 天津市西青区高二期末)I before I came to the new school, for my classmates here are very friendly to me.

  A. mightn't worry B. mightn't have worried

  C. needn't worry D. needn't have worried

  【详解】考查情态动词的完成式。句意:在我去新学校之前我没有必要担忧,因为我这里的同学对我很友善。needn't have done本没必要做某事,而实际上已经做了。根据下文for my classmates here are very friendly to me可知,此处指"我本不必担忧"。故选D。

  【点睛】情态动词+ have done结构:

  1."must + have + 过去分词"表示对过去发生的事情或状态进行推测,语气比较坚定,通常只用于肯定句。如:It must have rained last night, for the ground is wet.

  2."can / could + have + 过去分词"表示对过去某种情况的怀疑或不确定.can和could一般用于否定句和疑问句,could的语气较can弱。如:He can't have finished the work so soon.

  3."may / might + have + 过去分词"表示对已发生的动作或存在的状态进行不肯定的推测,might的语气比may弱一点。这种结构主要用于肯定句和否定句,疑问句改用can或could。如:They may not have known it beforehand.

  4."need + have + 过去分词"表示过去做了不必做或不需要做的事情,或过去做某事纯属多余。如:I needn't have bought so much wine — only five people came.

  5."should / ought to + have + 过去分词"表示过去本该做某事但没做,其否定式表示过去不该做某事但做了,这种句式含有不满或责备之意,ought to的语气比should强一些。如:

  You ought to / should have studied harder.你本应该更努力学习的。(但没有)

  He oughtn't to / shouldn't have done that.他本来就不该做那件事。(可是做了)

  6."would + have + 过去分词"表示对过去的某种情况进行猜测,或本来要做某事却因某种原因未做成,通常用来说明某一情况,但不像用should或ought to那样含有责备之意.如:

  I guess the poet would have been about twenty when she wrote her first poem.

  Another worker wouldn't have acted like that.

  13. (2020. 甘肃省天水一中高二开学考)A small plane crashed into a hillside five miles east of the city, _____all four people on board.

  A. killed B. killing

  C. kills D. to kill

  【详解】考查非谓语动词。句意:一家小型飞机撞上了距离城市东部五英里的一个山腰,机上四人全部丧生。Plane与kill是主谓关系,应该使用现在分词表示主动,并作伴随状语。故选B。

  14. (2020. 甘肃省天水一中高二开学考)It was _____ computer games _____ cost the boy a lot of time that he ought to have spent on his lessons.

  A. to have played; which B. played; that

  C. playing; that D. having played; which

  【详解】考查强调句和动名词。句意:正是玩电脑游戏使这个男孩花了很多时间,而他本应该把这些时间花在功课上的。把It was和第二个空去掉,这个句子结构完整,语义清晰,所以这里含有一个强调句,强调句的基本结构是it is / was + 被强调部分 + that + 句子的其他成分,如果被强调的部分是人,可以用who代替that,这里对主语进行强调,且指事物,第二个空用that,作句子主语,用动名词,故选C。

  15. (2020. 甘肃省天水一中高二开学考)The Turners consider ________a computer, which is commonly considered ________ a great help in our work and study.

  A. to buy; to be B. buying ; to be

  C. to buy; being D. buying; being

  【详解】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:特纳一家在考虑买一台电脑,电脑被认为是对我们的工作和学习有很大帮助。"考虑做某事"应译为"consider doing sth.",使用动名词作宾语;"认为某人某物怎么样、把某人某物当作什么" 应译为"consider to be/as…",这句话中使用这个词组的被动语态。故选B。

  16. (2020. 甘肃省天水一中高二开学考)I'm really tired _______ Tom. He had me _________ for two hours in the rain.

  A. of, waiting B. with; wait C. of; waited D. with; waited

  【详解】考查固定词组和非谓语动词。句意:我厌倦了Tom'他让我在雨中等了2个小时。be tired of厌烦;对…厌倦;be tired with…因…而疲倦,根据句意,B、D项错误;have sb. doing sth让某人一直做某事;宾语me与wait是主动关系,用现在分词,故选A。

  17. (2020. 江苏省南京师范大学附属中学高二)If public schools don't work out a plan on how much they will spend next year and have it _____, they may not get enough money from the government.

  A. approving of B. approved of C. approving D. approved

  【详解】考查非谓语动词和词组辨析。句意:如果公立学校没有制定出明年的支出计划并获得批准,他们可能无法从政府获得足够的资金。分析句子可知,空中词做it的宾语补足语,和it之间为被动的关系,应用过去分词,approve of意为"赞成",而approve意为 "批准,同意",故选D。

  18. (2020. 甘肃省天水一中高二开学考)The professor suggested the problem ________ at once.

  A. referred to be solved B. referred to solving

  C. referred to was solved D. referred to must be solved

  【详解】考查过去分词和suggest的用法。句意:教授建议所提到的那个问题应该马上予以解决。the problem 和referred to 之间是被动关系,此处是过去分词做后置定语,相当于定语从句which had been referred to;suugest "建议" 接句子时用虚拟语气(should)+动词原形,其中should可以省,再根据the problem 和solve之间是被动关系,所以要用被动语态(should )be solved。故选A。

  19. (2020. 江苏省南京师范大学附属中学高二)Many people feel nervous _______ they attend a concert, so I recommend _______ the hall early to have enough time _______ yourself comfortable.

  A. at the first time, arriving, to make B. the first time, to arrive, making

  C. for the first time, reaching, making D. the first time, getting to, to make

  【详解】考查状语从句和非谓语动词。句意:很多人第一次参加音乐会时感到紧张,所以我推荐你早点到大厅有充足时间让你自己舒服一些。第一个空后面是从句要用连词,the first time引导状语从句。第二个空recommend后面用动名词,第三个空考查有时间做某事have time to do。故选D。

  20. (2020. 甘肃省天水一中高二开学考)When Ruth read the card _____ to the flowers, she couldn't help but _____.

  A. attaching; smiling B. attached; to smile

  C. attaching; smiled D. attached; smile

  【详解】考查非谓语动词。句意:当露丝读到附在花上的卡片时,她忍不住笑了,她忍不住笑了。分析句子可知,动词attach在句中是非谓语动词,作定语,修饰名词card,和名词card之间是被动关系,需用过去分词attached表示,动词smile跟在couldn't help but之后需用省了to的不定式smile表示。故选D。

  21. (2020. 陕西省西安中学高二期末)He went out of the room with few clothes on, only rather cold.

  A. to feel B. feel C. feeling D. felt

  【详解】考查现在分词。句意:他几乎没穿衣服就走出房间,只是觉得有点冷。逻辑主语He与feel之间为主动关系,所以用现在分词作状语。only doing,在句中往往表示一种自然的合乎逻辑的结果,由句意可知,此处指"没穿衣服走出房间,自然而然感到冷",是一种自然的合乎逻辑的结果,应用现在分词(doing)。故选C项。

  22. (2020. 陕西省西安中学高二期末)I have had my bike ________, and I'm going to get somebody ________ my radio tomorrow.

  A. repair; to repair B. repairing; to be repaired

  C. repaired; to repair D. to repair; repairing

  【详解】考查非谓语动词。句意:我已经请人修了我的自行车,明天我还打算请人来修我的收音机。分析句子可知,my bike与repair在逻辑上是被动关系,所以用过去分词作宾语补足语。第二个空考查get sb to do sth "让某人做某事",to do作宾语补足语。故选C项。

  23. (2020. 天津市部分区高二期末)_________ students develop these social skills, schools in America offer a large number of after-school activities.

  A. Helping B. Help C. Helped D. To help

  【详解】考查非谓语动词。句意:为了帮助学生发展这些社交技能,美国的学校提供大量的课外活动。根据句意可知此处表示目的,应该用不定式作目的状语,故D项正确。

  24. (2020. 天津市部分区高二期末)Teaching is not just a simple piece of work: it's an art_________ a science.

  A. based against B. based on C. based with D. depended for

  【详解】考查非谓语动词。句意:教学不仅仅是一份简单的工作。它是一门基于科学的艺术。A. based against(无此表达);B. based on以……为基础;C. based with(无此表达);D. depended for(无此表达)。根据句意可知,此处用"以……为基础"符合语境,based on作为art的后置定语,故选B项。

  25. (2020. 天津市第一中学高二期末)It remains________whether herd immunity that most of the Europeans countries have taken in response to the epidemic works.

  A. to see B. to be seen C. seeing D. being seen

  【详解】考查非谓语动词的被动形式。句意:大多数欧洲国家对流行病已经采取的的群体免疫是否起作用尚待观察。分析句子,并结合句意可知,此处使用remain to do结构,表示有待做的事情,表动作尚未发生,且动词see和主语It之间是被动关系,所以使用动词不定式的被动形式,故选B

  项。

  26. (2020. 内蒙古通辽市高二期中)______ of danger on the road at night ,the girl had to go home with a friend _______ her.

  A. Being warned; accompanied B. Having warned; accompanying

  C. Warning; accompanying D. Having been warned; accompanying

  【详解】考查非谓语动词。句意:已经被警告晚上走路的危险,这个女孩不得不让一个朋友陪她回家。本题主句的主语the girl与动词warn构成被动关系,且warn的动作是在谓语动词之前就完成的,故使用having been done的结构在句中作原因状语。要特别注意having been done和过去分词done在作状语的时候,是可以互换使用的。第二空考查了with复合结构 "with+宾语+宾语补足语",a friend与动词accompany构成主动关系,故使用现在分词短语作宾语补足语。故选D。

  27. (2020. 内蒙古通辽市高二期中)The food ______ at the moment is for the dinner party.

  A. cooked B. to be cooked

  C. is being cooked D. being cooked

  【详解】考查非谓语动词。句意:现在正在做的食物是是为晚上的聚会准备的。空格处应是非谓语动词作后置定语,根据时间状语at the moment表现在,应是正在被做的,故要用ing形式表正在,且用被动,故选D

  28. (2020. 内蒙古通辽市高二期中)______I catch a cold , my nose runs.

  A. First time B. At times C. Every time D. The time

  【详解】考查连词。句意:我一感冒了就流鼻涕。A. First time 第一次;B. At times有时;C. Every time每当……时候;D The time时间。Every time充当连词,引导时间状语从句,意为"每当……时候"。故选C。

  29. (2020. 天津市耀华中学高二期末)The economical car is big enough for a family of three _______ you need more space for baggage.

  A. once B. because C. unless D. if

  【详解】考查连词辨析。句意:对一个三口之家来说,除非你需要更多的空间放行李,经济型轿车足够了。A. once一旦、曾经;B. because因为;C. unless除非;如果不;D. if如果。分析句子可知,空白处用"除非"引导状语从句。故选C。

  30. (2020. 天津市西青区高二期末)________ birds use their feathers for flight, some of their feathers are for other purposes.

  A. Once B. If C. Although D. Because

  【详解】考查连词。句意:尽管鸟儿们用羽毛来飞翔,但是他们的一些羽毛还有其他用途。A. Once 一旦;B. If如果;C. Although 尽管;D. Because因为。根据语境可知,前后之间是让步关系,故选C。

  31. (2020. 天津市静海区独流中学高二月考)It is difficult for us to imagine the beauty of Jiuzhaigou, ______ we have been there in person.

  A. when B. if C. unless D. in case

  【详解】考查连词辨析。句意:我们无法想象九寨沟的美,除非我们曾经亲自去过。A. when当…时候;B. if如果;C. unless除非;D. in case万一。分析句意可知,设空处应是一个条件状语从句,故选C。

  32. (2020. 天津市第一中学高二期末)—How about a chat over a cup of coffee this afternoon?

  —Sorry,I'm________today and can't put you in.Let's make it sometime next week.

  A. on a limited budget B. in high spirits

  C. on a tight schedule D. in deep doubt

  【详解】考查介词短语辨析。句意:——今天下午一起喝杯咖啡聊聊天怎么样?——对不起,我今天的日程很紧,不能给您安排了。那就定在下周吧。A.on a limited budget 预算有限;B.in high spirits兴高采烈;C.on a tight schedule 日程安排很紧;D.in deep doubt深度怀疑。根据后文的Let's make it sometime next week.可知"今天日程安排紧,不能出去喝咖啡聊天",选项C最合语境。故选C。

  33. (2020. 天津市第一中学高二期末)The most important lesson that the spread of Co-19 virus has taught us is that wild life is of equal importance as human life and the only way for us to survive is to live________nature.

  A. in view of B. in need of

  C. in touch with D. in harmony with

  【详解】考查词组。句意:Co-19病毒传播给我们的最重要的教训是,野生动物与人类生命同等重要,人类生存的唯一途径就是与自然和谐相处。A. in view of "考虑到";B. in need of"需要"; C. in touch with"同……有联系";D. in harmony with"与……协调"。此处指"与自然协调",故选D。

  34. (2020. 江苏省盐城中学高二期中)It is reported that 39 Vietnamese died in October __________ illegal immigration (移民) into the UK.

  A. in harmony with B. in regard to

  C. as a consequence of D. in complete agreement with

  【详解】考查介词短语辨析。句意:据报道,10月份有39名越南人因为非法移民进入英国而死亡。A. in harmony with与……协调,与……一致; B. in regard to关于; C. as a consequence of因为; D. in complete agreement with完全同意……,和……完全一致。结合语境,越南人死亡是"由于"非法进入英国造成的。故选C。

  35. 2020. (黑龙江省哈尔滨市第三中学高二月考)Scientists are convinced _______ the positive effect of laughter _______ physical and mental health.

  A. in; on B. of; on C. on; at D. in; at

  【详解】考查介词。句意:科学家们确信笑对身心健康有积极的影响。be convinced of是固定句式,意为"相信……";effect经常和on搭配,表示"对……的影响"。故选B。

  36. (2020. 天津市部分区高二期末)The exact date hasn't been decided. We'll have to wait for_________ week.

  A. other B. others C. the other D. another

  【详解】考查代词词义辨析。句意:确切的日子还没有定。我们还要再等一周。A. other其它的;B. others其它人或事;C. the other两个中另一个;D. another再一,又一。根据句意可知,此处考查固定用法another + 基数词 + 名词"……",another week=another one week"再一周",故选D项。

  37. (2020. 江苏省盐城中学高二期中)__________ is human nature that a great many people are often willing to sacrifice higher pay for the privilege of becoming white-collar workers.

  A

  Such B. That C. So D. What

  【详解】考查代词。句意:许多人常常愿意牺牲较高的工资以换取成为白领工人的特权,这是人之常情。该题考查such的用法。such可以作代词,用于句首,指代后面提到的某个人或某件事。在该题中,such指代a great many people are often willing to sacrifice higher pay for the privilege of becoming white-collar workers。其余的选项均无此用法。故选A。

  38. (2020. 宁夏石嘴山市第三中学高二期末)I hate ____when people shout loudly in public.

  A. it B. these C. them D. that

  【详解】考查it做形式宾语。句意:我讨厌人们在公共场合大声喊叫。在enjoy (享受),hate (恨),like(喜欢), love (爱)等动词之后用it充当形式宾语,在it 后面用宾语从句作真正宾语,故选A。

  39. (2020. 天津市第一中学高二期末) everyone here,I wish you a pleasant journey back to your journey.

  A. By means of B. On behalf of C. In search of D. For fear of

  【详解】考查介词短语辨析。句意:我代表在场所有的人,祝愿你们归途愉快。A. By means of以…的方式; B. On behalf of代表; C. In search of 寻找; D. For fear of担心。根据句意"我代表在场所有的人,祝愿你们归途愉快"。故选B项。

  40. (2020. 天津市第一中学高二期末)______ providing entertainment, the website also turns out to be a helpful learning tool.

  A. Far from B. Apart from C. Instead of D. Regardless of

  【详解】考查介词短语辨析。句意:除了提供娱乐,这个网站结果证明是一个有用的学习工具。A.远离,远非; B.除了;远离 ;C .而不是; D.不管,不顾 。根据also得知,前面说到了网站的一种作用,表示网站除了提供娱乐也是学习工具,故选B。

  二、语法填空

  (2020. 湖北省荆州市四县市高二期末)A CCTV journalist succeeded __1___ arousing a heated discussion among citizens by asking people whether they were happy. There were ___2___ (variety) as to the responses, even some quite funny ones included. Although people played jokes on the answers, it did not take long ___3___they began to figure out the true meanings of happiness.

  It is certain that people's views on happiness ___4___ (affect) greatly by their own life experience. Unfortunately, too many people refer to being rich as happiness and there is no sign of___5__ decrease in the number of the people who are voluntarily at the mercy of wealth.

  Some people whose intention is to make big money appreciate ___6___ (offer) any chance to multiply their income, believing that is ___7___ their happiness lies. Some are eager to inherit(继承)their parents' property, especially those ___8__ are known as silver-spoon kids(富二代). Even worse, some would rather break the law to satisfy their financial desire or seek their fortune ___9___ (illegal).

  In my opinion, we should make __10___ clear that happiness is not about pursuing wealth merely but about admiring the beautiful things in life. Therefore, live your life to the fullest and be happy.

  【答案解析】

  1. in 2. varieties 3. before 4. are affected 5. a

  6. being offered 7. where 8. who 9. illegally 10. it

  这是一篇议论文。CCTV记者做了一份关于什么是幸福的问卷调查,不同的人给出了不同的看法。

  【1题详解】

  考查介词。句意:一位中央电视台的记者通过询问人们是否幸福,成功地在市民中引发了一场热烈的讨论。固定短语succeeded in doing sth."成功做某事"。故填in。

  【2题详解】

  考查名词复数。句意:人们的回答五花八门,甚至包括一些非常有趣的。根据There were可知此处用名词复数形式。故填varieties。

  【3题详解】

  考查连词。句意:尽管人们对答案开玩笑,但没过多久他们就开始理解幸福的真正含义了。固定句式it did not take long before…"没过多久……,不久之后才……"。故填before。

  【4题详解】

  考查时态语态。句意:可以肯定的是,人们对幸福的看法很大程度上受到他们自己的生活经历的影响。分析句子成分可知,主语为people's views,缺少谓语,时态为一般现在时,且句中有by,要用被动语态。故填are affected。

  【5题详解】

  考查冠词。句意:不幸的是,太多的人把富有当作幸福,而自愿受财富支配的人的数量并没有减少的迹象。此处decrease为不可数名词,应该用不定冠词a。故填a。

  【6题详解】

  考查非谓语动词。句意:有些人的目的是赚大钱,他们很感激能有机会让他们的收入增加一倍。动词appreciate后接doing形式,且people与offer之间是被动关系。故填being offered。

  【7题详解】

  考查表语从句引导词。句意:他们认为这才是幸福的所在。分析句子成分可知,此处是表语从句,从句中lie并不缺宾语,所以用where表示状语,是地点状语。故填where。

  【8题详解】

  考查定语从句的关系词。句意:尤其是那些被称为"富二代"的孩子。此处是who引导的定语从句,who指代先行词those,在句中作主语。故填who。

  【9题详解】

  考查副词。句意:更糟糕的是,一些人宁愿违反法律来满足他们的经济欲望或非法寻求财富。此处修饰seek their fortune需用副词形式作状语。故填illegally。

  【10题详解】

  考查代词。句意:在我看来,我们应该弄清楚,幸福不仅仅是追求财富,而是欣赏生活中美好的事物。make it clear that"弄清楚",clear是宾补,that从句是真正宾语,要用it作形式宾语。故填it。

  【点睛】第8小题考查了those为先行词的定语从句。those 用作先行词的定语从句有以下几种情况:

  一、those who型

  当代词 those后接定语从句时,定语从句通常用关系代词who来引导

  如:

  Those who earn most pay most tax.挣钱最多的人交税也最多。

  Thanks are due to all those who helped.向所有帮过忙的人表示感谢。

  二、those whom型

  当those 后引导定语从句的关系代词用作宾语时,可以省作宾语的whom。如:

  He could imitate in speech or writing most of those he admired.

  他能模仿大多数自己崇拜的偶像的讲话和写作风格。

  三、those whose型

  当those后引导定语从句的关系代词用作定语且表示所属关系时,关系代词用whose。如:

  The syndrome is more likely to strike those whose immune systems are already below part.

  这种综合征更容易对那些免疫系统已经低于正常水平的人构成威胁。

  B

  (2020. 湖南省永州市高二期末)Do you find ___1___ difficult to build friendships? Are you shy when you meet someone for the first time? If so, then don't worry. Studies show that very few people are ___2___( natural) gifted when it comes to ___3___ (make) friends. So for those of us who have a problem, here is a quick and simple summary of what the experts have to say.

  First of all, don't forget ___4___ (smile). Smiling makes everyone appear more ___5___ (attract). It also helps the other person to relax. First impressions are of great ___6___(important), so try to remember the name of the person you have just met and use it in your conversation. Doing this often ___7___ (send) a signal that you want to get to know the person.

  Above all, experts say it is important to show a genuine interest ___8___the other person. If you ask questions to find out ___9___ he or she likes, you will find your popularity will increase. A lot of people experience unnecessary anxiety when meeting new people. Try following these valuable ___10___ (tip) and don't forget that the other person probably wants to make friends just as much as you do!

  1. it 2. naturally 3. making 4. to smile 5. attractive

  6. importance 7. sends 8. in 9. what 10. tips

  这是一篇说明文。文章主要介绍了专家在交朋友方面给出的几项建议。

  考查形式宾语。句意:你觉得建立友谊很难吗? 分析可知,find之后缺少宾语,且真正宾语为"to build friendships",因此,所填空应是形式宾语it。 故填it。

  考查副词。句意:如果是这样,那么不要担心。研究表明,很少有人在交朋友方面有天赋。分析可知,所填空应是副词作状语修饰之后的形容词gifted。所给词natural,形容词,"天然的;天生的",需在词尾添加后缀-ly构成副词。故填naturally。

  考查非谓语。句意:如果是这样,那么不要担心。研究表明,很少有人在交朋友方面有天赋。分析可知,when it comes to结构中,to为介词,之后接动名词作宾语。故填making。

  考查动词不定式。句意:首先,不要忘记微笑。分析可知,forget to do sth, 意为"忘记去做某事"。故填to smile。

  考查形容词。句意:微笑使每个人看起来更有吸引力。分析可知,appear意为"看起来"可视为连系动词,之后应用形容词作表语。所给词attract,动词,意为"吸引",可添加后缀-ive,构成其形容词。故填attractive。

  考查名词。句意:第一印象很重要,所以尽量记住你刚刚遇到的人的名字,并在谈话中使用它。分析可知,great为形容词,之后应填名词形式。所给词important,形容词,意为"重要的",其名词形式为importance。故填importance。

  考查时态。句意:这样做通常会发出你想要了解对方的信号。分析可知,所填空在句中作谓语,时态为一般现在时,主语为doing this,动名词作主语,为第三人称单数。故填sends。

  考查介词。句意:专家说,最重要的是要对对方表现出真正的兴趣。分析可知,show a genuine interest in…, 意为"对……表现出真正的兴趣"。故填in。

  考查宾语从句。句意:如果你问他或她喜欢什么,你会发现你的受欢迎程度会提高。分析可知,___9___ he or she likes为宾语从句,从句中的动词likes缺少宾语,应用连接代词what。故填what。

  考查名词复数。句意:试着按照这些有价值的建议去做,不要忘记对方可能和你一样想要交朋友! 分析可知,空前有限定词these,应填名词复数。故填tips。

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